CyberSense is a monthly bulletin by CSA that spotlights salient cybersecurity topics, trends and technologies, based on curated articles and commentaries. CSA provides periodic updates to these bulletins when there are new developments. Click on the title to view the full article!
  • Schools 02 August 2019

    Academic institutions around the world are increasingly being targeted by hackers, it appears. The cyber-attacks range from ransomware to ones that seek out sensitive research data the institutions may have. Close to home, the Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attacks on Singapore’s universities in April 2017 were carefully planned, and the objective may have been to steal information related to government and research. According to a report by the US-based Ponemon Institute, which conducts research on privacy, data protection and information security, the education sector saw one of the highest per capita data breach costs at US$260 for each record containing sensitive data, just behind the health industry (US$369), in the survey across 16 industries in 12 countries.

  • Energy 01 July 2019

    As the global energy sector moves towards providing “clean energy”, operational processes will change too. With it, an opportunity to review the cybersecurity measures that need to be in place from the outset, to counter cyber-attacks on the sector. The European Union (EU) and US have taken the lead with their assessment on the “new” energy industry.In Singapore, changes are afoot too in the energy sector as the country drives towards a smart nation. This would be a good opportune time to relook into the energy needs of local businesses to fully optimise energy management (from energy generation to demand-side management), and include intelligent energy storage systems by leveraging Internet of Things (IoTs). However, security architecture needs to be designed upfront for these IoTs so that they can be robust against cyber-attacks.

  • CSA | SingCERT | Water 01 July 2019

    Industrial Control Systems (ICS), which allow utilities operators in sectors like Water and Energy to remotely monitor and control industrial processes, are often thought to be relatively safe from harm since many do not have connections to the Internet. But they can still be susceptible to a cyber-attack as new means to get into the systems are being developed, and even demonstrated. Cyber-physical threats to water infrastructure can lead to a wide range of effects, including changes to water quality and supply.

  • Oil and Gas 01 July 2019

    The oil and gas vertical in the Energy sector faces more disruptive and potentially destructive cyber-attacks than before. On one hand, increasingly-connected systems provide a growing threat surface; on the other, threat actors are on constant lookout for targets for a wider range of effects. These actors, often guided by geopolitical or commercial objectives, are targeting oil and gas companies to conduct espionage, disruptive attacks, or even outright destruction.

  • Maritime 03 June 2019

    The maritime industry is responsible for transporting more than 90 per cent of the world’s trade. As technology is introduced to shipboard and port systems, great strides in productivity and fuel efficiency have been achieved. However, awareness of the importance of cybersecurity may still be lagging behind the rapid pace of technology development, the latter of which may allow us to see unmanned cargo ships plying the seas by 2020.

  • Land Transport 03 June 2019

    In recent times, public transportation around the world, such as buses and rail systems, have faced cyber-attacks. The WannaCry ransomware campaign that swept across the world in May 2017 also affected the payment and bus routing systems in Germany and the UK. Fortunately, the control systems of the trains and buses were not affected then, but they remain a possible target.

  • Data Breaches 02 May 2019

    Cyber breaches resulting in the loss of personal data has been increasing in scale and frequency. With more businesses moving towards digitalisation, and individuals transacting online or engaging digital communities, corporate and personal data may be exposed to such cyber threats. Globally, data brokers, social network sites, and lifestyle/entertainment companies were just some entities that suffered such data breaches.

  • Data Leaks 02 May 2019

    A leak can be defined as the inadvertent loss of sensitive data through vectors such as unsecured websites and servers, inherent weaknesses and vulnerabilities within Internet services, or third party suppliers, mostly involving human error and negligence. In these cases, millions of customer records - including names, addresses and other personal information – can be exposed to the public online through unsecured databases or applications.

  • Banking and Finance 01 April 2019

    Many banking and financial institutions are at the forefront of cybersecurity best practices, deploying advanced technologies to secure their systems. Their efforts in cybersecurity may be instructive for other sectors.

    Their security posture is very necessary. The banking and finance sector remains a lucrative target for cybercriminals and other cyber actors. In 2016, the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (SWIFT), a network that thousands of banks around the world use to move money, was targeted. Attackers exploited system and process vulnerabilities in individual banks to send seemingly authentic SWIFT instructions and successfully stole about US$100 million from at least three banks (Bangladesh Central Bank, Ecuador’s Banco del Austro, and an Ukrainian bank).

  • Healthcare 01 April 2019

    Healthcare providers are going digital with patient records increasingly being stored electronically. They are also adopting medical Internet of Things (IoT) devices to improve operational efficiency and enhance patient care experience. These developments are increasing the vulnerability of the healthcare sector as a high-value target that hackers would target.

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